Promoting Green Urban Development in African Cities: Kampala, Uganda Urban Environmental Profile.
New Release on 14th/10/2015 by KCCA and World Bank
See the report on Promoting Green Urban Development in African Cities: Kampala, Uganda Urban Environmental Profile, that was launched jointly on 14th October 2015 by the KCCA and the World Bank at the KCCA Climate Change Stakeholders’ Dialogue provides a valuable information and knowledge base to assist decision-makers in Kampala. The report summarizes the current quality and trends of the city’s environmental assets, identifies the key drivers of the city’s environmental challenges, and makes some broad recommendations as to guide sustainable planning and management of the city.
Estimates as per the report show that 40% of Kampala’s population live in informal settlements predominately developed near wetlands throughout the city, without basic infrastructure such as water services, storm drainage, sewage treatment and solid waste collection. The report further notes that the densely-populated informal settlements are a consequence of the rapid urbanization the city has experienced for decades, making Kampala the second fastest-growing city in Eastern Africa. This put a strain on its natural environment and is eroding the vital ecosystem services it provides.
Other key findings of the report point out the Inadequacy and ineffective planning as a key obstacle to the management of the city’s environmental assets
The current land management system that requires significant financial outlays for public acquisition of land for infrastructure and service facilities has constrained delivery of sanitation, solid waste, and drainage services
Some of the recommendations for the Leaders in the light of the findings include;
- Expanding and deepening information about the impact of urban development on the environment, particularly at the metropolitan scale;
- Development of a broad strategy to address pressures on natural assets like wetlands which have yet to be substantially affected by urban growth, and thus present a key opportunity for preemptive action;
- Identification of specific opportunities for Green Urban Development interventions, designed to mitigate the environmental impacts of urbanization and appropriate for affected communities.
- Undertaking institutional actions to regulate, enforce and protect assets in line with what is already in current policy and law and the development of more sophisticated measures to address ecosystem loss.